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What to Know About State Tax


Analyzing information about stat taxes is difficult because in each state, taxes are assessed in varying levels to provide different services that may be unique to that state.

State tax levels, however, can be used to gauge the state tax burden in each state as well as the services which a state can afford to provide to the residents of that state.

State taxes involve a combination of state sales taxes, state income tax, excise state taxes, and user fees. A state tax may be director applied to residents or may be felt indirectly.

In some states, such as Alaska, there are no state taxes for personal income tax, nor is there a sales state tax. However, local governments in the state are allowed to charge their own local sales taxes. Instead, the entirety of the Alaskan state tax burden is felt by state taxes charged to the oil and gas industries.

In 2007, the total state tax revenue was $749,785,186,000, or just shy of $750 billion charged to 300,702,464 residents.


State taxes are taxes imposed by individual states on residents and businesses within their borders. These taxes vary from state to state and can include income taxes, property taxes, sales taxes, and more. In this article, we will provide you with a brief overview of state taxes, including what they are, how they work, and what you need to know as a taxpayer.

What are State Taxes?

State taxes are taxes levied by individual states to fund public services and government programs, including education, transportation, healthcare, and more. The amount and types of state taxes vary from state to state, and state tax systems can be complex.

Some common types of state taxes include:

– Income taxes: a tax on the earnings of individuals and businesses
– Property taxes: a tax on real property, such as land, buildings, and homes
– Sales taxes: a tax on the purchase of goods and services
– Excise taxes: a tax on specific goods, such as gasoline, tobacco, and alcohol

How do State Taxes Work?

Each state has its tax system, which is generally overseen by a state tax agency. State tax systems can be complex and involve multiple tax brackets, exemptions, and credits.

Most states collect income tax, with rates that vary based on income levels. Some states have a flat tax rate, while others have a progressive tax rate, which means higher earners pay a higher percentage of their income in taxes.

Property taxes are another significant source of state revenue. Local governments or school districts typically collect property taxes, and the rates can vary based on the assessed value of the property.

Sales taxes are also a significant source of revenue for many states. The rates can vary, and some states exempt certain products or services from sales tax. Excise taxes can vary based on the specific product being taxed, such as gasoline, cigarettes, or alcohol.

What You Need to Know about State Taxes

As a taxpayer, understanding state taxes is essential to ensure you are filing, paying, and complying with state tax regulations correctly. Here are a few key things to keep in mind:

– State tax laws and regulations vary from state to state.
– Tax rates and exemptions can change from year to year.
– Some states have tax reciprocity agreements with other states, meaning you may not have to pay state taxes if you work in another state.
– Some states have no income tax, making it an attractive state for high-earning individuals.
– Failure to comply with state tax regulations can result in penalties or fines.


Overall, state taxes are a crucial source of revenue for individual states, and understanding state tax regulations is essential for taxpayers. States’ tax rates and regulations vary considerably, making it crucial to stay up-to-date on changes and consult with a tax professional for guidance. By understanding state taxes and complying with regulations, individuals and businesses can avoid legal issues and help contribute to the functioning of the state’s public services.