Toll roads are roads in which tolls or fees are collected; the most common instance of toll roads is a toll road that is considered a motorway and infrastructure; these are roadways that lead to a tunnel or a bridge of some sort. However, there are a number of non-infrastructure type roads as well.
The three types of toll roads that can occur are a closed toll road, an electronic toll road, or an open toll road. A closed toll road is a road in which there is a ticket dispensing facility when an individual goes to get on the road. At this facility, the individual picks up a ticket and keeps it for the duration of the drive.
At the end of the road, there is another facility, in which the ticket amount is paid for. This is a way in which fees are regulated and all individuals are accountable for their own fares.
An electronic toll road is a road in which there are only electronic tolls. On these roads, cars are equipped with transponders that pick up a signal and link it back to the account that is registered to the individual driving.
For those who do not have a transponder, a bill can be sent to a house instead and paid that way. This is a way to ensure that all tolls are paid, and alleviate the hassle of slowing down for various other cars.
The last of the toll roads is an open toll road; this is where there can be a toll at any juncture of a road, like right in the middle, or near the beginning or end.
These are not conducive when it comes to easy traffic flow; however sometimes these are partially electronic and partially manual, so individuals equipped can drive through the electronic portion, while others can pay cash.