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The Quick Facts on State Tax

Alabama Dep. of Revenue Tax Law

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Alaska Dep. of Revenue Tax Law  1. 2.

Arizona Dep. of Revenue Tax Law   1.   2.

Arkansas Dep. of Revenue Tax Law 1.

California Dep. of Revenue 1.2.

Colorado Dep. of Revenue Tax Law

Connecticut Dep. of Revenue Tax Law 1.2.

Delaware Dep. of Revenue Tax Law 1.

Florida Dep. of Revenue Tax Law 1. 2.

Georgia Dep. of Revenue, Tax Law 1.


United States citizens are subjected to many forms of taxation. In many  cases, the same tax is imposed on the local, state and Federal level. For example, the excise tax on gasoline is a federal tax and state tax, as well as a local tax in some jurisdictions. That means that one gallon of gas may be taxed by three separate jurisdictions.

State taxes include many types of excise taxes, including those on alcohol and tobacco. In addition, some state taxes include an excise tax on luxury items, such as vehicles that cost above a certain threshold.

State taxes may also include a sales tax on most goods and services purchased in that state. Most jurisdictions have some exemptions from the sales tax, including items considered a necessity, such as milk and bread.

State taxes may also include income taxes, although some states impose a higher percentage than others. For example, some states impose an income tax at around ten percent of income, whereas Florida imposes no state income tax on those that are employed in the state.

Many forms of taxation are imposed on more than one level. However, federal taxes are imposed on all citizens, whereas state taxes are imposed differently. Individuals in one state may pay a higher sales tax than another state, but they may also have a lower state income tax. States have the right to impose taxes, as long as they comply with federal law.


State tax is a crucial and complex aspect of taxation in the United States. In the US, every state has its own tax system, which means that the rules and regulations governing tax vary from one state to another. The taxes can be in the form of income taxes, sales taxes, property taxes, or excise taxes. State tax plays an important role in balancing state budgets and financing public services such as education, healthcare, and infrastructure. In this article, we will look at the quick facts on state tax, including its types, forms, and impact on the economy.

Types of State Tax

The state tax is designed to be one of the primary sources of revenue for the state government. There are different types of state tax that states can impose to generate revenue including:

1. Income Tax

Most states levy an income tax on residents’ earnings. The income tax rates vary depending on the state. Seven states don’t collect income tax, including Texas, Florida, and Nevada. Other states such as California, New York, and New Jersey impose a high income tax rate for individuals making taxable income over a certain threshold. Income taxes play a significant role in ensuring that the state government is funded and can offer public services to the residents.

2. Sales Tax

Sales tax is a tax on retail purchases, it is charged on the sale of goods and services. The average sales tax rate in the US is 6.00%. Some states such as Alaska, Delaware, Montana, New Hampshire, and Oregon do not have a sales tax. However, other states such as California and New York impose a higher sales tax rate than the national average. The sales tax revenue goes to fund state and local government budgets.

3. Property Tax

Property tax is a tax on real estate property ownership. It is levied by the state or local governments. The property tax rate varies depending on the value of the property. Some states set the property tax rates at a fixed percentage, and others use a mill rate system. Property taxes pay for the operation of public services such as schools, parks, roads, and other infrastructure.

4. Excise Tax

Excise taxes are taxes on items that are considered non-essential, such as tobacco, alcohol, and gasoline. The excise tax on cigarettes is set at the federal level so that it is the same across all states. However, other items such as gas and alcohol have varying excise tax rates. Excise taxes are used to finance public services provided by both local and state governments.

State Tax Forms

States collect taxes in different forms; the most popular include:

1. State Tax Refund

If you file a state income tax return, you may qualify for a state tax refund. The refund is the money that the state owes the taxpayer for overpaid or excess taxes. You should file a state tax return to get a refund, and the return must be filed before the specified deadline to qualify for a refund.

2. Estimated Tax Payment

If a taxpayer has a significant amount of income from self-employment, dividends, interest, rent, or other sources, they should pay estimated tax quarterly. The estimated tax is calculated based on the expected gross income for the year. The estimated tax is submitted using Form 1040-ES.

3. Franchise Taxes

Franchise taxes are state taxes levied on companies chartered or registered in the state. The tax is usually a fixed amount or a percentage of the company’s assets or net worth. It is one of the ways state governments raise revenue to fund public services.

Impact of State Tax on the Economy

State tax has a direct impact on the economy, and it affects taxpayers’ behavior. Some of the ways state tax impacts the economy include:

1. Business Location Decisions

State tax policies can impact businesses’ location decisions and relocation. Businesses will choose states with favorable tax policies over others. For instance, companies may move to states with no income tax, lower sales tax, and property tax to save on taxes.

2. Revenue Generation

State tax is one of the primary sources of revenue for state government. The revenue generated from state tax goes into funding public services such as healthcare, education, and infrastructure.

3. Cost of Living

State tax has a direct impact on the cost of living in a given state. States with high income tax, sales tax, and property tax rates may have a higher cost of living than those with lower rates.

4. Consumer Demand

State sales tax can impact consumer demand as it increases the cost of purchasing goods and services. Consumers may opt to buy goods or services online from other states with lower sales tax rates to save money.

Latest Developments and Trends

There have been several developments and trends regarding state tax laws in recent years. The following are the latest changes and movements in state tax:

1. Remote Sales Tax

Remote sales tax is the tax imposed on goods and services sold to buyers in another state. Traditionally, state sales taxes applied to brick-and-mortar stores. However, with the rise of e-commerce, states have expanded the sales tax base to cover online sales. As of August 2021, 43 states charge remote sales tax.

2. Tax Cuts

Some states have proposed tax cuts to stimulate their economies following the COVID-19 pandemic. For example, in January 2021, lawmakers in Indiana proposed a bill that would gradually reduce the state income tax rate over the next six years.

3. State Transfers

Some states have increased or decreased state transfers to their local governments. For example, in February 2021, the Pennsylvania governor proposed a new program where $145 million would be transferred to local governments in rural areas.


State tax is a crucial aspect of taxation in the United States. It accounts for a significant portion of state government revenue and plays a critical role in financing public services. This article has covered the quick facts on state tax, including its types, forms, and impact on the economy. Moreover, the article has highlighted the latest developments and trends on state tax laws. State tax policies continue to evolve, and taxpayers should remain aware of the changes and their potential impact.