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Per Diem Rates

Per Diem Rates

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Per Diem Rates

Everything to know about Per Diem Rates

If you're a government employee, you may be offered what is called a per diem rate that covers your expenses while traveling.  If you've never used per diem rates before, you may have some questions about what is covered and how your per diem will be calculated.  This guide will give you a quick rundown on how to find the per diem rates relevant to you and how to calculate your total per diem.

What is a Per Diem?

Per diem refers to a set rate that will be paid to you per day that is generally thought to be sufficient to cover lodging, food, and incidental expenses in your travel location.  If you are able to spend less money than your per diem on those expenses, you will generally be able to keep the remaining funds.  This gives government employees an incentive to be frugal in their expenditures rather than billing expensive rooms and food to the government.

Differences Between Federal and Non-Federal Per Diem

Federal per diem rates are set by the federal government and cannot be altered except by the government.  If you're working for a state or municipal government, your per diem rates may be higher or lower than the ones offered by the federal government.  Additionally, corporate per diem rates are set by individual corporations.  You should check the terms of your contract to see if your private employer specifies per diem rates if you are not working for the federal government.

How is the Federal Per Diem Calculated?

The federal government bases per diem rates on the cost of lodging and expenses.  Incidental expenses are kept to $5 a day, and a separate amount is incorporated for breakfast, lunch, and dinner as well as first and last day expenses (like additional costs for baggage).  Lodging rates are calculated based on seasons and months.

Lodging rates with these per diems tend to allow for a relatively nice hotel, not just the cheapest hotel in a location.  The per diem rates are calculated to allow people to obtain a fire safe hotel and reasonable meals, so there's often the flexibility to save at least some money when traveling on a per diem.

How Much Will My Per Diem Be?

To find out your federal government per diem rates in any city in the United States, simply go to http://www.gsa.gov/portal/category/21287 and click on the state where you will be traveling.  From there, enter the city you are traveling to.  Most states have the base rate, then several cities where there are higher per diem rates because lodging and meals are more expensive.

There are six total per diem categories for meals and incidental expenses (M&IE).  When meals are provided to you by the government, you will need to deduct the meal from your per diem.  You can find the correct amount to deduct here: http://www.gsa.gov/portal/content/101518.  For example, if you were given breakfast in a location where your per diem for M&IE was $66, the chart shows that you would need to deduct $11 from the per diem due to not having to pay for breakfast.

Changes in 2013 Fiscal Year

The standard per diem rates in 2013 are $77 for lodging and $46 for meals and incidental expenses.  There are over 400 areas with non-standard rates that are higher than standard rates.  The GSA has added 10 new non-standard areas in 2013:

·    Bakersfield/Ridgecrest, California

·    Stockton, California

·   Hancock and Pearl River Counties, Mississippi

·   Sidney/Glendive, Montana

·   Dickinson/Beulah, North Dakota

·   Minot, North Dakota

·   Williston, North Dakota

·   Carlsbad, New Mexico

·   Watertown, New York

·   Pasco, Washington

Requirements for Lodging

The GSA states that all qualifying lodging for per diem rates require the following:

·  fire safe properties defined under the Hotel & Motel Fire Safety Act of 1990

·  properties that fall in the mid-price range (in the middle of the area’s upscale and low-priced properties)

·  properties that have business ravel week data for Monday through Friday

Hotels and Per Diem rates

Hotels are not required by law to honor federal per diem rates.  The hotels have discretion to offer or deny the rates to individuals such as government contractors as well.  Hotels can also offer a “GOV” rate that is higher than the federal per diem rates.  In this case, the employee must receive prior approval from their agency in order to be fully reimbursed. 

Lodging taxes are not covered in per diem rates.  Some federal agencies reimburse travelers for lodging taxes, and others do not.

Meals/Incidental Expenses and Per Diem rates

Tips and taxes are included in the rates for meals, so a federal employee cannot be reimbursed for tips and taxes on food.  In order to determine rates for meals, the GSA conducted a nationwide study in the 2010 fiscal year that examined restaurants frequently visited by federal employees.  The study examined over 9,000 restaurants and the range between $46 and $71 was established. 

Incidental Expenses are described in Chapter 300, Part 300-3 of the GSA’s Federal Travel Regulations.  These expenses are described as fees and tips for porters, baggage carriers, bellhops, maids in hotels, or stewards and stewardesses on ships. 

Searching for Per Diem Rates:

To evaluate the per diem rates for various locations in the United States you must follow these steps.

Step 1: Visit the United States’ General Services Administration at http://www.gsa.gov/portal/category/100000

Step 2: Please click “Per Diem Rates” found on the left side of the page under the “most requested links” menu.

Step 3: This tool (http://www.gsa.gov/portal/category/21287) allows you to search for per diem rates based on city, state or zip code. To do this simply access the search bars and when finished click “find per diem rates.” After inputting the information you will be provided with the per diem rates for the subsequent months through September of 2013. These per diem rates fluctuate based on lodging expenses; however, the meals expenses per day are set and can be found on the far right side of the chart. Please note that, again, the lodging per diem rates fluctuate based on month to reflect demand, but the meal per diem rates is set and locked-in for 2013.  

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