Home Audit Home Energy Audit Explained

Home Energy Audit Explained

Home Energy Audit Explained: A Complete Guide to Reducing Your Energy Bill

Many homeowners are unaware of the amount of energy they are wasting every day. With rising energy bills, households are becoming more conscious about their energy consumption. Home energy audit is the perfect way to determine how much energy your home is using and where you can save.

Energy audit, also known as home energy assessment, is a process of evaluating the energy efficiency of a home. In this article, we’ll explain what a home energy audit is, why it’s important, how to conduct one, and how it can help you save money.

What is a Home Energy Audit?

A home energy audit is an evaluation of a home’s energy usage patterns and identifying areas of energy loss and inefficiency. The audit can be conducted by an energy auditor, who is trained to analyze the energy consumption of a home. The auditor examines all the components of a home that could affect energy efficiency, including insulation, heating and cooling systems, windows and doors, and appliances.

After completing the audit, the energy auditor provides homeowners with a report that outlines areas of improvement and recommendations for reducing energy consumption. This comprehensive report makes it easier for homeowners to understand where they can save energy and money.

Why is a Home Energy Audit Important?

Home energy audits offer several benefits to homeowners. Here are a few reasons why it’s important to conduct a home energy audit:

1. Lower Energy Bills – One of the primary reasons to conduct a home energy audit is that it helps homeowners save money on their energy bill. By identifying areas of energy inefficiency, homeowners can take steps to reduce the amount of energy they use, resulting in lower electricity bills.

2. Improved Comfort – Home energy audits can identify areas of the home that are drafty or have inconsistent temperatures. By addressing these issues, homeowners can make their home more comfortable throughout the year.

3. Reduced Environmental Impact – When homeowners reduce their energy consumption, they decrease the amount of greenhouse gas emissions that are produced. As a result, they reduce their carbon footprint and help protect the environment.

4. Increased Home Value – A home energy audit can help homeowners increase the value of their property. By making a home more energy-efficient, homeowners can appeal to potential buyers who are looking for properties with lower energy bills and a reduced environmental impact.

How to Conduct a Home Energy Audit

Conducting a home energy audit is a straightforward process that can be completed within a few hours. Here’s how to conduct a home energy audit:

1. Turn off Appliances and Electronics – Turn off all appliances and electronics, including lights, televisions, and computers. This ensures that all measurements are accurate.

2. Inspect the Exterior – Inspect the exterior of your home, including the foundation, walls, roof, and windows. Look for signs of drafts, air leaks, and missing insulation.

3. Check Heating and Cooling Systems – Check your heating and cooling systems, including furnaces, boilers, air conditioners, and heat pumps. Look for signs of wear and tear, leaks, and inefficiencies.

4. Check Insulation – Check the insulation in your home, including walls, ceilings, and floors. Inspect for signs of draft and leakage.

5. Check Doors and Windows – Check all doors and windows for air leaks and drafts. Seal any visible gaps with caulk or weatherstripping.

6. Check Appliances and Lighting – Check all appliances and lighting fixtures for energy efficiency. Replace any inefficient appliances with Energy Star rated products.

7. Review Energy Bills – Review your energy bills and identify areas of high energy consumption. Look for trends in your energy consumption and identify opportunities to reduce energy usage.

8. Hire a Professional – Consider hiring a professional energy auditor to conduct a comprehensive home energy audit. Professionals are trained to identify hidden energy inefficiencies that homeowners may miss.

Using Government Resources

The US Department of Energy and the Environmental Protection Agency offer resources to help homeowners conduct a home energy audit. Here are a few government resources that can help you conduct a home energy audit:

1. Home Energy Yardstick – The Home Energy Yardstick is an online tool that allows homeowners to compare their energy usage to similar homes in their area. The tool provides recommendations for reducing energy usage and offers tips for making a home more energy-efficient.

2. ENERGY STAR – The ENERGY STAR program provides energy-efficient product recommendations and offers tips for making a home more energy-efficient. The program also provides information on rebates and tax credits for energy-efficient upgrades.

3. Home Energy Saver – The Home Energy Saver is an online tool that provides recommendations for reducing energy usage. The tool considers the specific characteristics of a home, such as size and location, to optimize energy savings.

4. Weatherization Assistance Program – The Weatherization Assistance Program helps low-income homeowners improve the energy efficiency of their homes. Eligible homeowners can receive free weatherization services, including insulation upgrades and energy-efficient appliance replacements.


Conducting a home energy audit is an effective way for homeowners to reduce their energy usage and save money on their energy bills. By identifying areas of energy inefficiency, homeowners can take steps to improve the energy efficiency of their homes, such as adding insulation, sealing air leaks, and upgrading to energy-efficient appliances.

With the increasing cost of energy, conducting a home energy audit is a cost-effective way for homeowners to reduce their energy bills without sacrificing comfort. By using government resources and hiring a professional energy auditor, homeowners can make their home more energy-efficient and improve their home’s value.

Environmental auditing is a fairly new type of audit. When a person decides to partake in an environmental auditing, they are actually undergoing in a home energy audit. Energy audits make home more efficient and can allow individuals to evaluate how much energy is being used and/or wasted.

After completing a home energy audit, a person will be able to understand what areas of their home need to be adjusted in order to lower energy use. Energy audits and the follow up changes will help a person’s home to be more efficient, comfortable, and lower utility bills.

Environmental auditing can be done by an individual or done professionally. Either way, it may be suggested that a person uses different light bulbs, increases insulation, or changes the sizes of windows or doors so that they fit better.

A carbon credit is a certificate that allows the right to emit one ton of carbon dioxide. Carbon credits can be seen to accompany environmental auditing because they replace the use of carbon dioxide, and therefore better the environment.

A carbon credit uses the greenhouse gas emissions to drive industrial and commercial process to use lower emissions and less carbon dioxide.  Many companies are partaking in this type of environmental auditing because they are interested in lowering their carbon footprint and promoting a cleaner, healthier environment.